Sunday, January 19, 2014

GRAMMAR : Pronouns , Verbs , Adjectives , Adverbs ...

Index :
1.Personal Pronouns.
2.Verb To Be .
3.Demonstratives
4.Present Simple
5.Simple Past 







1. PERSONAL PRONOUNS 

Yo-------------------------- I
-------------------------- you
Él--------------------------- he
Ella------------------------- she
El,Ella----------------------  it
Nosotr@s------------------ we
Vosotr@s------------------ you
Ell@s----------------------- they





    You
   He     

am Mike.    
Iam 20 years old .     am
a   student.








It is my dog. 
It's name is Pototo.

You are Tom Morgan!
You are a secret agent!








    
We are married!' 'Yes. I know.'

                

  He is the presi-
dent of the company.He is my boss.




       They are Tom and           Sarah.
        They are my                   neighbourns .           
  She is Camila.
She is a good actress.




1.1-  Type in the box the correct Personal Pronoun .


                                           
                                                                                                                                                      
  'What’s your name?' is Mike!.'                                            

 'How old is Susan?'   'is ten.'    .'                                
 Sue and I are students.   are friends.          
'How old are  , Peter?'                              

  Sam and Tom are from France.   are from Paris.               
  'What is that?' 'is a helicopter.'              
  'What is your favourite subject?'  ' is sports.'

  'What are they?' '  are UFOs.'               
  This is Paul. is from Germany.    
'And this is Steffi... is Paul's sister.'
  am very good with this skateboard'
   'are in my class. So please pay attention!....









2.   
TO  BE


    2. Present Simple Tense verb To Be : ser , estar .                                                       
           
             a)   Affirmative                                                                                                                                                                     
  
      
           contracted forms
I

am
Daniel
here
20 years old

              -       I ´m
You

are
Paul
in the park
15 years old

              -        You’re
    
He

is
Luke
at home
cold

              -        He’s

She

is
Mary
in her room
hot


                -      She’s

It

is
a dog
in the garden
hungry

                 -      It’s


We

are
friends

                -      We’re
         
They

are

                -  They’re


             b)    Negative
                
           
contracted forms
I

am
not
      ’m not
You

are
not
       arent
He

is
not
        isnt
She

is
not
         isn’t
It

is
not
         isn t
We

are
not
       aren t               
They
are
not
       aren t 


Some uses of this verb are:

a) To indicate a name, profession, pastime etc of the subject.
    Or simply to name things:


                   I am Caroline .                

              She is an actress .
          
                  They are Peter and Paul .                         

                  It is a plane !

                  They are sun glasses .                         He is a teacher .

                      

b) To indicate a position in space or time:


                                                                           
                                       Mary is in the garden .
  I am here…                They are in the classroom .


 c) To indicate a quality or a state:

 The world is round .
                                                                                She is beautiful  .           
  Life is unfair .

  He is ten years old .  
   She is all right now .


      
d) To indicate possession:

     It´s  John ´s  money                                      This house is mine . 


e) To introduce some adverbials of time:

               It´s  late .
               It´s  very early .
                   
  
f) To indicate where people come from:
                                                               You are from Brazil  

   She is from Galicia .                                            
           


c) Interrogative .

Am
I

Laura
here
20 years old


?
Are
you

Peter
in the park
15 years old




?
Is
he
Luke
at home
cold


?
Is
she
Mary
in her room

hot

?
Is
it
a dog
in the garden


hungry

? 
Are
we

friends

?  
Are
they

twins
?
2.1  Activity:  Complete with the correct form of the verb to be: (am, is, or are)

                                                                                                                

     I  Claudio.
     We  Lucas and Jessica.   
     He  a famous football player! 
     They Martha and Jennifer. 
     You   in Colombia.  
     Madonna   my favourite singer.
     Katherine and I   in Venezuela.
     Victor and I    in El Salvador. 
     Martin   in Uruguay now. 
     Martha and Jennifer   in Costa Rica at the moment.
     We   Jessica and Lisa.
     I   Argentinian.







3.DEMONSTRATIVES  


1. Look and Learn.

this_that_these_those_b.jpg

Singular  : this  =   este , esta , esto .

                                           that =    ese , esa , eso  
                                                        aquel , aquell@

Plural :        these
                   those








A
What's this?
B
What's this?
C
What's this?

¿Qué es esto?

¿Qué es esto?

¿Qué es esto?
This is an accordion
This is a Bible
This is a cactus






D
What is that?
E
What is that?
F
What is that?

¿Qué es eso?

¿Qué es eso?

¿Qué es eso?
That is a cake
That is an astronaut
That is a plane





A
What are these?
B
What are these?
C
What are these?






These are bananasThese are ballonsThese are babies




D
What are those?
E
What are those?
F
What are those?






Those are books                  Those are bells        Those are oranges       


4. PRESENT  SIMPLE                                                                      
   
               Hi everybody!   I'm The  Present Simple Girl.
 I like habits and routines. I always do the same things and at the same time. For example, I always drink two glasses of milk in the morning and I usually arrive at school at twenty five past eight . I often wear jeans and T-shirts. I love pop music. I also loveanimals and
plants. I have a beautiful garden.                                                                              live with my parents and my brother, Present Continuous Guy The Present Continuous Guy.   He is very different from  me. He never arrives on time for lunch. He likes new clothes and fashion, and he doesn't listen to pop music. He plays hard rock in a group called "Metal Bananas" . We are in an English club called The Happy Verby GangWe go to the club on Saturdays.                                                                                                     

                                                                                                
4.1 ## Comprehension Quiz                                        

Present Simple Girl Present Simple Girl 
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
I drink
You drink

He drinks
She drink
s
It drink
s
We drink
You drink
They drink
I don't drink
You don't drink

He 
doesn't drink
She 
doesn't drink
It 
doesn't drink
We don't drink
You don't drink
They don't drink
Do I drink?
Do you drink?
Does he drink?Does she drink?
Does it drink?
Do we drink?
Do you drink?
Do they drink?







Present Simple Girl Present Simple Girl 
Uses
Examples
 Habitual actions
Acciones habituales (normalmente acompañados de adverbios de frecuencia)
 I go to the gym on Monday and Friday
 Permanent states
Estados permanentes (hechos que no cambian nunca)
 The Sun rises in the morning
 Feelings and emotions (like, hate, want, hope, etc.)
Sentimientos y emociones
 I like your T-shirt. I want a blue one
 Verb of senses (hear, taste, see, smell, sound and taste)
Verbos de sentidos
 Listen! I hear some music in the house

4.2 








5. SIMPLE  PAST                                                                          
AFFIRMATIVE                                                                           
ENGLISH

 Add   - ed                                   
                                                
Time adverbs in the past

I            played       the violin
yesterday  
You      relaxed    in the park
yesterday morning 

He        stayed     at home
yesterday afternoon

She     worked     a lot
last night

It           rained       too much
last week
We       crossed   the English channel
two weeks ago



They     landed    on the moon
 
forty years ago  three week ago



RULES :


 A) Most verbs are regular and show this regularity by adding -ed in the end.
              Examples  :               work                       worked        
                              
rain                         rained
                                       start                          started




B) If  the verb  ends  in   -e   we  only  add   -d


     Examples :             live                  lived
                                 love                 loved
                                 like                  liked


 C) If the verb ends in a consonant plus  -y  you have to turn the y into        -ied

  Examples :               study              studied
                                carry               carried
                                hurry               hurried
                    

 D ) But if the verb ends in a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) plus -y you have to add          only -ed

Examples :              play               played
                               stay               stayed
                               enjoy             enjoyed

Sometimes you have to double the last consonant if the verb has
   1 syllable , ending in a single consonant ,  proceded by a short vowel .     ( If ends - consonant - vowel - consonant )

Examples  :                stop                stopped
                                plan                planned
                                swap               swapped


   

 NEGATIVE : Didn´t = Did not 
                      Subject +didn´t+infinitive
ENGLISH
Time adverbs in the past
I            didn't       study
yesterday  
You      didn't      play tennis
yesterday morning 
He        didn't     work late
yesterday afternoon
She      didn't   like the food
last night
It           didn't    rain
 
last week
We       didn't   enjoy  the film
last Saturday


They    didn't     visit our home
 
two days ago
three week ago



INTERROGATIVE : Did = ?


ENGLISH
Did + subject  + (infinitive of the verb)
 

DID      I         play tennis
yesterday   ?
DID     you   study French
yesterday morning ?
DID      he     paint the house  
yesterday afternoon?
DID      she  work
last night ?
DID     It    rain     
 
last week?
DID      we  start school
in 1999?


DID    they  visit us   
 
two days ago?
 






PRACTICE :    
LIM by José M. Collazo












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